Signs of Glaucoma and How to Treat It

The Signs of Glaucoma and How to Treat It

Many people visit Urias Eyecare in Midland for annual eye exams and they are surprised when the optometrist tells them they have glaucoma. The eye doctor often has to explain that vision issues with glaucoma are often not noticeable because these changes are slow at first. By the time you notice vision changes, the damage to the optic nerve may be extensive. So, what is glaucoma and how can it be treated to help prevent as much damage as possible?

What Is Glaucoma?

Our eyes constantly produce fluid. When the eye is working properly, this fluid drains regularly. For some people, the drainage holes either become clogged or there is too much fluid for the eye to get rid of properly. This causes fluid to back up and put pressure on the optic nerve. Over time, constant pressure on the optic nerve causes damage to your sight. At first, you may not notice any changes because the damage is done to your peripheral vision. As things progress, however, you may experience blurry or hazy vision and notice a rainbow halo around light sources. In some people, the eye becomes painful and they may experience nausea. Left untreated, you may find yourself losing your sight completely.

How Is Glaucoma Treated?

When caught early, most cases of glaucoma can be effectively treated by using daily eye drops to reduce the pressure. You will likely need to use these drops for the rest of your life. In some extreme cases, your doctor can perform laser surgery to increase the drainage duct in your eye or eyes. This is always saved as a last resort.

Urias Eyecare in Midland

It is essential to have a vision exam every year or two depending on your age so that an eye doctor can catch any signs of glaucoma. The test is simple and painless and early treatment can help slow the damage. If you are looking for an optometrist in Midland, contact us today to set up an initial exam. Don't allow glaucoma to go unnoticed until you are experiencing eye problems. Call Urias Eyecare today at (432) 368-4102 to schedule an eye exam.

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